Both, but more commonly amongst soldiers than officers.. It was especially more common with the white army, due to most Cossacks fighting against the Soviets than to join them...Question about the short wooly one - was it used by higher ranked or lower ranked soldiers?
Some Infanry officers, irregulars and cavalry mans of all ranks (mostly cossaks), as I can remember.Question about the short wooly one - was it used by higher ranked or lower ranked soldiers?
The hat style was used before the Soviets took over, they stuck the star on
Much like the Gestapo helmets are actually just olde European police helmets with spooky insignia